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Manually sign a transaction

Sign a transaction using the private key(s) required to sign the transaction. You cannot sign the transaction with a public key. If your client operator account private key is the key used in the key field(s) of a transaction, you do not need to manually sign the transaction. The execute(client) method signs the transaction with the client operator account private key before it is submitted to a Hedera network.
Method
Type
Description
sign(<privateKey>)
PrivateKey
Sign the transaction with an ED25519 private key
signWith(<publicKey, transactionSigner>)
PublicKey, TransactionSigner
Sign the transaction with a callback that may block waiting for user confirmation.
signWithOperator(<client>)
Client
Sign the transaction with the client
signWithSigner(<signer>)
Sign the transaction with a local wallet. Local wallet available in Hedera JavaScript SDK only. >=v2.11.0
Java
JavaScript
Go
//Create any transaction
AccountUpdateTransaction transaction = new AccountUpdateTransaction()
.setAccountId(accountId)
.setKey(key);
//Freeze the transaction for signing
AccountUpdateTransaction freezeTransaction = transaction.freezeWith(client);
//Sign the transaction with a private key
AccountCreateTransaction signedTransaction = freezeTransaction
.sign(PrivateKey.fromString("302e020100300506032b65700422042012a4a4add3d885bd61d7ce5cff88c5ef2d510651add00a7f64cb90de3359bc5c");
//v2.0.0
//Create any transaction
const transaction = await new AccountUpdateTransaction()
.setAccountId(accountId)
.setKey(key)
.freezeWith(client);
//Sign the transaction with a private key
const signedTransaction = transaction
.sign(PrivateKey.fromString("302e020100300506032b65700422042012a4a4add3d885bd61d7ce5cff88c5ef2d510651add00a7f64cb90de3359bc5c");
//Create any transaction
transaction := hedera.NewAccountUpdateTransaction().
SetAccountID(newAccountId).
SetKey(updateKey.PublicKey())
//Freeze the transaction for signing
freezeTransaction, err := transaction.FreezeWith(client)
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
signedTransaction := freezeTransaction.Sign(hedera.PrivateKeyFromString("302e020100300506032b65700422042012a4a4add3d885bd61d7ce5cff88c5ef2d510651add00a7f64cb90de3359bc5c"))
//v2.0.0